(4083) Gorbanevskaïa, Natalia (1936-). “Poteriannyi Rai” (“Paradise Lost”). “Stikhi shest’desiat piatogo goda” (Poems from 1965).
Original typescript, 2nd copy. 18 pages. With ink manuscript of a poem in Polish, d’une strophe. 18 page notebook with original staples. 20.3cm x 14.8cm. The title page is separated. Samizdat dated 1966.
Poet, translator and ardent defender of the rights of man, Gorbanevskaïa was one of the most public personalities representing the Soviet dissident movement. She simultaneously acted as initiator, author, editor and was even one of the typists of the first number of the samizdat journal “Khronika tekushchikh sobytii” (“Chronical of Current Events”). In August 1968 she participated in a protest against the Soviet incursion into Czechoslovakia. Arrested in 1969 she was send to a psychiatric hospital for schizophrenia where she would spend two years and two months.
In 1975 Gorbanevskaïa emigrated to the West. Working with the review “Kontinent”, the “Svoboda” radio, the journal “Russkaia Mysl’” and the review “Novaia Pol’sha”. She has been a Polish citizen since 2005.
She is the author of fifteen collections of poems.
Before 1990 she would be exclusively published abroad and as soon as texts in samizdat were read they were also destroyed which provides us with the reason why it is so difficult to find them before 1985-88. The format of our samizdat corresponds exactly to those that were circulated by N.G. herself and indeed this samizdat was personally offered by Natalia Gorbanevskaïa to Vladimir Aleinikov.