Anatolii Marchenko

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(2205) Marchenko, Anatolii Tikhonovitch. (1938-1986) “Moi Pokazaniia” (“My Testimonial”, the camps in the USSR after Stalin). Aleksandrov, 1967.

1-94 numbered sheets
54-81 numbered sheets (onion-skin paper)
142-234 numbered sheets

4 numbered sheets: letter from Marchenko dated 2 April 1968 in Aleksandrov, Vladimir region.

4 non-numbered sheets: open letter to the Occidental newspapers dated 22 July 1968.

3 non-numbered sheets: letter calling to Marchenko’s friends.
Signed by 8 noted figures in the dissidence including Ludmilla Alekseeva, Larisa Bogoraz, Natalia Gorbanevskaya and Pavel Litvinov with their personal phone numbers. The inclusion of these numbers show that this samizdat could not have circulated outside of this small circle of close friends. This is a historic piece and one of the Russian samizdat that was the least circulated in this form.

3 non-numbered sheets: letter from Larisa Bogoraz on Marchenko’s arrest. Dated 1 August 1968.

1 non-numbered sheet: letter of declaration from Marchenko’s friend concerning the arrest of Irina Belogorodskaia (Bogoraz’s sister) and the searches carried out in the residences of Alekseeva, Bogoraz and Krasin. Signed by 7 people, dated 12 August 1968 when a copy was sent to the Prosecutor General of Moscow. Original typescript, 2nd copy. Large folio, bound in marbled boards.

Born in 23rd January 1938 in Barabinsk and deceased in Tchistopol on the 8th December 1986, Anatolii Marchenko is one of the most important figures in Soviet dissidence.
His revelations on Soviet work camps and prisons made sure that he himself was condemned for agitation and the dissemination anti-Soviet propaganda. In his opinion the only possibility to combat the illegal injustice of the camps was to make the truth known. After eleven years imprisonment his final hunger strike ended in his death in the prison of Tchistopol. His death foreshadowed Gorbachev’s announcement to free all Soviet political prisoners, the very cause he was striking for. He was postumously awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 1988.

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